Semiotics gives you the ability to decode an image and identify a hidden meaning within a particular section of that image.
- Semiotics – The study of signs and symbols and their use or interpretation.
We have been tasked with describing the meaning of/differences between the terms “Signifiers” & “Signified”. Here are the definitions of the terms Signifier and Signified followed by an example of them in use.
- Signifier – A sign’s physical form (such as the image, mark, sound, written word Etc…)
- Signified – This is the mental concept we have for what the Signifier stands for, it could be a concept, object or emotion. This is to what the Signifier refers to.
For example if I am talking about my “CAT” (Which you have all never seen) The Signifier is the word “CAT” and the Signified is what image is provoked in your mind, not “My CAT” but a mental concept of “Catness” (Feline, Meows, Wiskers, Fish, Milk, Mice, Fur Etc…)
- An Icon – “Where the sign relates to its object in some resemblance with it, i.e. a Photograph”. It physically resembles what it stands for.
- A Symbol – “Where the sign relates to its object by means of convention alone, i.e. Word, a flag”. Relates to via social convention.
- An Index – “Where the sign relates to its object in terms of causation, e.g. sundial, paw print, medical symptom”. It correlates with or points to.